# “Net Present Value” Help Please

 Assignment: Chapter 14 LO 3

1.  Cornerstone Exercise 14-23
Net Present Value

Holland, Inc., has just completed development of a new cell phone. The new product is expected to produce annual revenues of \$1,350,000. Producing the cell phone requires an investment in new equipment, costing \$1,440,000. The cell phone has a projected life cycle of five years. After five years, the equipment can be sold for \$180,000. Working capital is also expected to increase by \$180,000, which Holland will recover by the end of the new product’s life cycle. Annual cash operating expenses are estimated at \$810,000. The required rate of return is 8 percent.

1.  Prepare a schedule of the projected annual cash flows.

 Holland, Inc.
 Annual cash flows
 For Five Years
 Years and Items

 Cash Flow
 Year 0

 Equipment

 \$  (1440000)
 Working Capital

 (180000)
 Total

 \$  (1620000)
 Year 1-4

 Revenues

 \$    1350000
 Operating Expenses

 (810000)
 Total

 \$     540000
 Year 5

 Revenues

 \$    1350000
 Operating Expenses

 (810000)
 Salvage

 180000
 Recovery of Working

 180000
 Total

 \$     900000

2.  Calculate the NPV using only discount factors from Exhibit 14B-1. Round present value calculations and your final answer to the nearest whole dollar.
\$     _________________

3.  Calculate the NPV using discount factors from both Exhibit 14B-1 and Exhibit 14B-2. Round present value calculations and your final answer to the nearest whole dollar.
\$     _________________

 2.  Exercise 14-28 Net Present Value Use the Exhibit 14B-1 and Exhibit 14B-2 to locate the present value of an annuity of \$1, which is the amount to be multiplied times the future annual cash flow amount. Each of the following scenarios is independent. Assume that all cash flows are after-tax cash flows. a.     Southward Manufacturing is considering the purchase of a new welding system. The cash benefits will be \$400,000 per year. The system costs \$2,250,000 and will last 10 years. b.    Kaylin Day is interested in investing in a women’s specialty shop. The cost of the investment is \$180,000. She estimates that the return from owning her own shop will be \$35,000 per year. She estimates that the shop will have a useful life of six years. c.     Goates Company calculated the NPV of a project and found it to be \$21,300. The project’s life was estimated to be eight years. The required rate of return used for the NPV calculation was 10 percent. The project was expected to produce annual after-tax cash flows of \$45,000. 1.  Compute the NPV for Southward Manufacturing, assuming a discount rate of 12 percent. Round to the nearest dollar. \$     _________________   Should the company buy the new welding system?   __Yes__   2.  Conceptual Connection: Assuming a required rate of return of 8 percent, calculate the NPV for Kaylin Day’s investment. Round to the nearest dollar. \$     _________________   Should she invest?   __No__   Calculate the NPV assuming the estimated return was \$45,000 per year. Round to the nearest dollar. \$     ________   Would this affect the decision? What does this tell you about your analysis? The input in the box below will not be graded, but may be reviewed and considered by your instructor.   _________________   3.  What was the required investment for Goates Company’s project? Round to the nearest dollar. \$     _________________

3.  Exercise 14-30
Net Present Value and Competing Projects

Follow the format shown in Exhibit 14B-1 and Exhibit 14B-2 as you complete the requirements below. You may use the attached spreadsheet to help you complete this activity, but you are not required to do so. You will find the spreadsheet by clicking on the link in the drop-down menu above.

Wilburton Hospital is investigating the possibility of investing in new dialysis equipment. Two local manufacturers of this equipment are being considered as sources of the equipment. After-tax cash inflows for the two competing projects are as follows:

Both projects require an initial investment of \$700,000. In both cases, assume that the equipment has a life of five years with no salvage value.

Round present value calculations and your final answers to the nearest dollar.

1.  Assuming a discount rate of 12 percent, compute the net present value of each piece of equipment.

 Puro equipment: \$    ______________ Briggs equipment: \$    ______________

2.  A third option has surfaced for equipment purchased from an out-of-state supplier. The cost is also \$700,000, but this equipment will produce even cash flows over its five-year life. What must the annual cash flow be for this equipment to be selected over the other two? Assume a 12 percent discount rate.
\$       _________________

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